Janet Lee

Janet Lee
Photo:Janet Lee, injured by a taxi partition.

Friday, March 31, 2017

Craniofacial injuries resulting from taxicab accidents in New York City 1996 Partition study

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       Ann Plast Surg. 1996 Jan;36(1):1-6.
       Craniofacial injuries resulting from taxicab accidents in New York City.

        Talmor M1, Barie PS, Shapiro D, Hoffman LA, LaTrenta G.
                Author information
      Taxicab accidents are a common occurrence in New York City. This review was undertaken to characterize the nature of craniofacial injuries that result from taxicab accidents. Data were collected on 16 patients who required admission to trauma or plastic and reconstructive surgery services, after sustaining craniofacial injury as a result of a taxicab accident. Front-end deceleration collisions were the most common mechanism of injury. Fifty-six percent of the patients were thrown against the bulletproof, Plexiglas driver safety divider and sustained an injury most commonly to the anterior midface. Both bony and soft-tissue injuries were common in the entire group. Complex facial fractures were sustained by 56% of patients, with nasal-septal fractures most common, followed by naso-ethmoid-orbital, anterior frontal, anterior maxillary, and Le Fort I and II fractures. Only 1 patient in the group was wearing a seat belt and that patient was a driver. Given the high incidence of cranio-facial injury, appropriate safety standards for taxicabs must be initiated, including the  reevaluation of the utility of the safety divider and mandatory seat belt use for rear-seat passengers.